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ANDHRA PILLAI - PILLALIMARRI - REDDY - VELAMA HISTORY

வேளாமா, பிள்ளாலமாரி, ரெட்டி பெயர் வரலாறு

In Andhra too, Pillai as a Dravidian Caste flourishes till now. see wikipedia on Pillai

Gavara community uses Pilla as a title, Aaraama Dravidulu community uses Chellapilla as a title. In South kerala, vallalar and nair communities were used Chella pilla and Chellamma pilla tittles to represent high social status.

There is a Pillala Marri village in Nalgonda district. Reddy are the Pillai equivalents in Andhra now. The following articles based on VELAMA history site  & Velama page2
 

Recherla Nami Reddi of Pillalamarri, Nalgonda District:

( Pillalamarri village, is located 2 km from Suryapet town in Nalgonda District)

This line at the same site refer PILLAI MARRI as a place name and VELAMA as the VELLALA equivalent:-

....
Chevvi reddi alias Pillalamarri Bethala Naidu of Recherla gothra, a Velama by Caste and 'Reddi' is just a status title those days meant for village heads....

 

The same site also tells that RAO caste is also a VELAMA caste title, later on BRAHMINS also used this as they became land lords like REDDYs [refer Narashima Rao]. Thats why in Andhra even low castes put Rao in their names.
 

...."He who has the title Rao, which was bestowed by the king, prefixed to his name, is the ruler; and if it is affixed to the name, then it is a general mark of the Velama Caste."...

 

This site says SATI performance by VELAMA women.
 

....During the said period, some six Velama women are said to have commited 'Sati' by jumping into the funeral fire after the death of their warrior husbands in the battle to capture one Arangetla fort from rival forces in Palnadu region...

 

TAMIL VELAMA NAYUDUs or NAIDUs or NAYAKKARs or NAYAKs or NAIKs


The same site says that during VIJAYANAGARA period, Tamilnadu also occupied by Velama Naidus.
 

......Padma Nayaka Velama Generals also fought for Vijayanagara Empire after loosing their Kingdoms and supremacy in Telangana regions. As this Empire expanded some of the Nayaks were sent to far away lands in southern Tamil Nadu like Madurai, Tanjavore, and Arkot districts of Northern Tamil Nadu to control those territories and collect and send revenue to the King at Hampi, the Capital of Vijayanagara Empire. Thus various Padmanayak Velama 's have settled in the villages of those newly acquired territories and today they are referred to as Velama Naidu 's or simply Padma Velama 's. It is said that there are about forty such Velama Naidu villages in and around Madurai town alone even for today. They were used to hold large tracts of land in Tamil Nadu and some of them were former big Zamindars. On decline of Vijanagara Empire, most of them stayed back........

 

From this NAYAK / NAIK / NAYAKKAR caste name, Tamils derived names like
Avoodai Nayagam, Marudha Nayagam etc...
 

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